The human brain is one of the most significant parts of a person as it controls all the functions and movements. The brain is constantly sending and receiving numerous information throughout the body. A healthy person is one whose body and mind is performing optimally. Studies have shown that many times a person falls sick due to the stress and problems he has facing and all the pressure is on the brain to make the right decisions. The medical field has developed at a rapid pace, just like other aspects of life, and now the treatment of every big or small acute or chronic disease can be done. Apart from medication and surgeries, there are also a wide number of therapies which are purposefully developed and carried out to relieve the pain, aches, mental issues, and behavioral problems
Psychotherapy is one of the popular treatments which is used to treat patients of all ages who may be suffering from mental disorders, psychiatric problems, emotional depression, and other difficulties which may affect to cope up with routine tasks. Psychotherapy is a personal one to one interaction between the patient and psychologist or psychiatrist who learns about the emotions, feelings, opinions, and thoughts of the patient. The purpose of the psychotherapy treatment is to help the individual take control of his life and wellbeing and effectively respond and cope up with challenges in life using his skills. There are different types of psychotherapy, and each depends on the problem that an individual might be facing. Psychotherapy is also commonly known as counseling, talk therapy, and psychological therapy. The list of disorders and problems that psychotherapy may be used to treat include
- Anxiety disorders such as PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder), OCD (obsessive compulsive disorder), panic attacks, and different kinds of phobias
- Addictions such as drug abuse, alcohol drinking, and gambling
- Mood disorders which include bipolar disorder, stress, and depression
- Personality disorder such as dependent personality disorder and borderline personality disorder
- An eating disorder which includes anorexia and bulimia
Psychotherapy is effectively used to not only treat the different kinds of mental illnesses and disorders but also for ordinary people seeking to achieve mental health and resolving conflicts. Psychotherapy is commonly practiced to help autistic children feel better and manage the difficulties that they are facing.
Autism is a medical name given to a neurobehavioral condition that affects the developmental, social, problem solving, and communication skills of an individual. Autism is a disorder that unfortunately does not have a permanent cure, but there are therapies and medications which can help the autistic child or autistic adult to manage the difficulties better. Psychotherapy for autistic child is necessary to help the child who feels all the problems related to autism which includes lack of interpreting simple things, problem interacting with their parents and other people around them, cognitive issues, and trouble using in using their motor skills. The autistic children mostly have trouble communicating their feelings and thoughts and so usually use sounds, hand, and body gestures to express themselves. The autistic children are also quite sensitive and may react outrageously to certain pain, touch, sound, light, smells which may look normal to ordinary people around them. The psychotherapy treatment can help an autistic child to not only develop their skills in solving math problems, drawing a painting, memorizing things but also to communicate and interact.
A child with autism feels anxiety, depression, difficulty in communicating, and engaging in other normal activities. The autistic children are overly shy and like to remain within themselves. The psychotherapy sessions help to reduce the shyness and improve the effectiveness of social interactions and doing daily routine activities with ease. The psychotherapy for an autistic child is given by qualified and experienced psychologist or psychiatrist. A qualified psychologist would know about the unique challenges and addressing the symptoms that can help an autistic child improve their daily functioning.
The psychologists are trained and skilled to prepare and administer tests, determine the depth of anxiety, identify the personality development, and providing further solutions and therapies. The psychotherapy sessions usually last for one hour and are held once a week. The different approaches to psychotherapy treatments are
- Behavioral therapy
The behavioral therapy helps the psychologists to learn about the changes of moods and attitude of an autistic child and how can he/she cope with the emotional stress.
- Cognitive therapy
The psychologist uses cognitive therapy to know about the current thinking and communication patterns of the autistic child. Cognitive therapy is also used to treat post-traumatic stress disorder and thoughts and behaviors.
- Interpersonal therapy
The psychologist will help the autistic child to express them more clearly and calm their anxiety.
There is marked improvement in the autistic child’s interaction, problem-solving skills, non-verbal communication, play activities, and family relationships.